Use port forwarding.
A command like this does the trick.
ssh -L 8222:localhost:8888 remote
remote is the address of your remote host.
Then you can run
jupyter on port
8888 in the remote session and work
with the notebook on
localhost:8222 in your browser. I just picked
8222 at random, you can use any ports you like. 8888 is the port
Jupyter tries to use by default, but you can change that.
If you want to do it automatically, I’m sure there’s a way to set it in your ssh config file.